By: Researcher Taymur
Understanding Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Knowing the normal progression of multiple sclerosis (MS) because it will help you gain a sense of control and make better decisions.
Therefore MS arises when an unusual targeting of the central nervous system (CNS) by the body’s immune system, although it is not considered an autoimmune condition. Because the CNS attack destroys the myelin and the myelin-protected nerve fibers. So the harm disrupts and distorts the spinal cord’s nerve impulses.
People with MS usually take one of four severe disease courses.
Understanding Identifying Symptoms of MS
Therefore the first step to remember happens until the doctor has made an MS diagnosis. So you may have symptoms that worry you at this initial stage.
However genetic and environmental factors are thought to play a role in getting MS. Therefore MS is running in your family, and you’re worried about your likelihood of developing the disease.
So you may have had symptoms previously that your doctor said you may have been indicative of MS. However the common symptoms include:
- walking difficulties
- cognitive changes
Therefore the doctor will decide at this point whether you are at high risk of developing the disorder based on your medical history or physical examination.
So there is no definitive test to verify the existence of MS, however, many of the symptoms often present with other conditions, so it can be difficult to diagnose the disorder.
Understanding New diagnosis
Similarly the next move on the process is to obtain an MS diagnosis. Because if there is clear evidence that you have had separate episodes of disease activity in your CNS, the doctor will diagnose you with MS.
Therefore it can often take time to make this diagnosis because it is necessary to rule out other conditions first. So these are diseases with CNS, inflammatory disorders with CNS, and genetic disorders.
However in the new stage of diagnosis, you are likely to discuss treatment options with your doctor and learn new ways with your condition to manage daily activities.
Therefore MS is available in various types and stages. So learn more about the different types below.
1st is Clinically Isolated Syndrome (CIS)
This is the first episode of symptoms in the brain or spinal cord caused by inflammation and myelin coverage damage. Technically, CIS does not follow the MS diagnostic criteria as it is an isolated incident with only one region of demyelination responsible for symptoms.
If an MRI in the past reveals another case, you may make an MS diagnosis.
2nd is Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)
Therefore the relapse-remitting form of MS usually follows a predictable pattern of cycles of worsening and then improving symptoms. Because it may gradually lead to secondary-progressive MS.
According to the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (NMSS), about 85 percent of people with MS were initially diagnosed with relapsing-remitting MS.
However people with RRMS experience MS flare-ups (relapses). So the nature of the disease is likely to change over a couple of decades and become more complex.
3rd is Secondary-Progressive MS (SPMS)
Therefore Relapsing-remitting MS can turn the disease into a more aggressive form. Because the NMSS estimates that, when left untreated, within a decade of the first diagnosis, half of those with the condition’s relapsing-remitting type experience secondary-progressive MS.
You may still experience relapses in the secondary-progressive MS. These are then followed by partial recoveries or remission periods, but between cycles the disease does not disappear. Rather, it is deteriorating slowly.
4th is Primary-Progressive MS (PPMS)
Approximately 15% of people are diagnosed with a relatively uncommon form of the disease, called primary-progressive MS.
This form is characterized by slow and steady progression of the disease without any periods of remission. Some people with primary-progressive MS experience occasional plateaus as well as minor function improvements that tend to be temporary in their symptoms. The level of change over time varies.