By: Researcher Taymur
The thyroid, the small butterfly-shaped gland in your throat, has a number of important responsibilities, including pacing your heart beating and how quickly your body burns calories. Two thyroid hormones are released: thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3).
Therefore to help maintain a healthy thyroid, vitamins and minerals that promote normal levels of thyroid hormones should be part of your regular diet or ingested in additional form if your diet does not provide adequate amounts.
The most important thyroid-related nutrient is iodine. The thyroid produces hormones using iodine.
So iodine deficiency, which is rare in the U.S. due to iodized salt, may result in a condition known as hypothyroidism resulting from too little hormone producing thyroid.
However hypothyroidism is more common than hyperthyroidism, which leads to low energy and weight gain, among other symptoms.
When too much thyroid hormone is produced, hyperthyroidism occurs. Too much iodine in some people can cause hyperthyroidism, so it is generally not recommended to take iodine supplements.
Therefore here are a few other vitamins and minerals in addition to iodine that you may need to include your regular diet or take as supplements.
Vitamin A. Most often this vitamin is associated with good vision and healthy skin and teeth, but also plays a role in the metabolism of the thyroid hormone.
Vitamin D. Research shows that hypothyroidism is often followed by a reliable source of vitamin D deficiency. Supplements with vitamin D or multivitamins that contain vitamin D may be appropriate if your diet does not contain sufficient food sources of this important vitamin.
Selenium. Because selenium is an essential mineral that performs a number of important roles in the body, including thyroid hormone metabolism. So maintaining normal body selenium levels is also necessary to help prevent Trusted Source Thyroid Disease.
Iron. So sufficient levels of iron are also crucial to the health of the thyroid. Because iron helps the body convert inactive T4 hormone into active T3 hormone like selenium and zinc.
Therefore while most dietitians recommend taking essential nutrients from food rather than supplements,because it may be particularly helpful to take main thyroid vitamins and minerals in the form of pills if your diet does not provide such nutrients.
Selenium. Because supplementation with selenium is helpful in some cases, such as autoimmune thyroid disease. so a selenium supplement may be helpful, but, unless otherwise directed by your doctor, do not take more than 200 micrograms (mg) per day Trusted Source.
Zinc. However research also suggests that the addition of zinc may also help to maintain healthy levels of thyroid hormone.
Vitamin A. Therefore a 2012 study Trusted Source of obese, pre-menopausal women at higher risk of hypothyroidism found that supplementation with vitamin A reduced this risk. ‘Thyroid support’ supplements
Eating a healthy, well-rounded diet is usually sufficient to provide the nutrients required for healthy thyroid and physical health overall.
So keep in mind that you get enough iodine in your diet, as well as some other essential vitamins and minerals, such as vitamins A and D, as well as zinc, magnesium and selenium.
Be cautious about products that are sold as “thyroid vitamins,” especially if they contain herbal supplements or even small amounts of thyroid hormones.
Therefore a physical standard should include a thyroid exam to check for size or shape changes. Because when you notice a change or begin to feel hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism symptoms, see a doctor soon.
However a blood test to check for levels of thyroid hormone may help confirm hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, or a healthy range of your levels.
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