Check the Rare and Extreme Migraine Types@2x

Check the Rare and Extreme Migraine Types

By: Researcher Taymur

Migraines affect more than 14 percent of adults in the United States, severe headaches that are sometimes accompanied by problems with vision, nausea, vomiting, and dizziness. However, migraines in other parts of the body can rarely cause symptoms and complications.

These types of migraine are named according to the affected part of the body. Most of these variants of migraine are very rare. Your doctor may be able to tell you if your symptoms indicate that you have one of these rare or extreme migraine types, or an entirely different condition.

Understanding Hemiplegic Migraines

Therefore hemiplegic migraines in the United States affect a very small percentage of people. People with hemiplegic migraines experience on one side of the body paralysis or weakness, speech and vision disturbances, and other symptoms that frequently imitate a stroke. Generally, the paralysis is brief, but it can last for several days.

There are two types Hemiplegic Migraine

  • Familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM)
  • Sporadic hemiplegic migraine (SHM)

Understanding Ophthalmic Migraine

Ophthalmic migraines (also sometimes referred to as ocular or retinal migraines) are rare variants of migraines characterized by repeated visual disturbances, such as blind spots or blindness on one side of the field of vision. Typically, these disturbances last between a minute and an hour and usually occur before a migraine starts.

Understanding Ophthalmoplegic Migraine

However ophthalmoplegic migraine is a rare variant of migraine most common in children and young adults. Because this type of migraine starts behind the eye as an intense migraine pain and includes double vision or eye muscle paralysis that causes droopy eyelids. So during this type of migraine, patients may also experience vomiting and seizures. Therefore your doctor may also want to check for an aneurysm, a localized bulge in a blood vessel’s wall in the brain, to see if the symptoms can be explained.

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Understanding Menstrual Migraine

So these migraines, as the name suggests, are related to the menstrual cycle of a woman and the preceding hormone fluctuations. Before their time, more than half of women with migraines report a flare-up of symptoms. However migraines caused by menstruation are typically more severe and last longer at other times of the month than migraines.

Understanding Basilar Migraine

So basilar migraine, also known as Bickerstaff syndrome, usually causes pre-headache dizziness and vertigo. Therefore this variant of migraine can also cause ear ringing, slurred speech, loss of balance, syncope, and even loss of consciousness before a headache.

However this type of headache is most common in adolescent girls and young women, so researchers believe it is likely to be related to hormonal changes at these ages that primarily affect women.

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Understanding Abdominal Migraine

So typically, children are most affected by abdominal migraines. However symptoms usually last from one to 72 hours, including nausea, vomiting, and flushing. Therefore symptoms may also include attention deficit problems, clumsiness, or delayed development for children who have been struggling with this migraine variant for a longer period of time. Because in children with a family history of migraines, this variant is more common.

Understanding Chronic Migraine

Therefore patients with repeated and ongoing migraine episodes may have a variant called chronic migraine. So (Transformed migraine is sometimes called as well.) Because people who have this variant usually experience headaches on at least half a month; many will have migraines daily or almost daily.

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Typically, this type of migraine starts in the late teens or early twenties, and migraine frequency will increase over time.

Understanding Vertebrobasilar Migraine

Therefore signs of vertebrobasilar or vertiginous migraine may be preceded by vertigo. Because vertigo is a common complaint for many people with migraine, but a problem in the lower part of the brain can cause frequent and recurrent episodes of vertigo.

Understanding Status Migraine

This very serious and very rare form of migraine typically causes migraines that are so intense and prolonged (usually lasting longer than 72 hours) that it is appropriate to hospitalize the affected person. Due to prolonged vomiting and nausea, most of the complications associated with this migraine variant arise. You will become dehydrated over time, and intravenous medication will be needed to stay hydrated.

Resources

migrainetrust.org/about-migraine/types-of-migraine/hemiplegic-migraine/

ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15228891

womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/migraine.html

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