By: Researcher Taymur
Kim Kardashian said she had tested lupus and rheumatoid arthritis antibodies positive in a recent TV series.
But this does not mean that both illnesses are specifically identified by Kardashian.
A clear diagnosis of lupus or RA may take years.
A recent “Keeping Up” episode confirmed that the lupus and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) Antibodies screened in Kim Kardashian West, highlight of which was autoimmune disease.
Kardashian said in the show, “I feel so tired, so nauseous, so my hands are really swollen. “I think I’m falling apart literally. I’m numb with my feet.
While Kardashian’s case has not been officially unveiled, she said that she has on symptom medication and that future episodes will disclose more.
The frustration raises awareness of the circumstances and problems that people can want to learn about both.
Understanding Suspicious Symptoms
RA and lupus symptoms can vary and arise at different times, making it difficult to diagnose both conditions.
These diseases are autoimmune, and a definitive diagnosis can take years.
The Malar Rash is an evident symptom of lupus.
Dr. Saakshi Khattri, an assistant professor, boards certified rheumatologist and dermatologist at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York, explained that it was a rash in the nose spreading out on the cheeks that seem to be a butterfly a telling sign of lupus.
Additional symptoms include discoid lesions which can appear as skin rash, photosensitivity, ulcers, hair loss, and fatigue on the head and neck.
Some characteristics less common may be swelling of the head, arms, or legs; swelling or discomfort of the joint; or fluid in the heart or lungs causing breathing problems or chest pain.
Khattri said, “Lupus is an amazing imitator. It may affect various organ systems so that it presents person to person differently. Only when those criteria are met is a patient formally diagnosed. Sometimes things don’t happen at once and can be divided by time. That’s why it’s so hard to diagnose.
“Lupus has a broad spectrum of symptoms that can occur over time. It can damage organs or tissues, from the skin and heart joints, or kidneys, “added Dr Sara Tedeschi, a rheumatologist at the Brigham and Boston Women’s Hospital and a member of the Medical Science Committee of the Lupus Foundation of the United States.
“It takes a person 6 years on average for lupus to be diagnosed when their symptoms first appear,” she said.
Conversely, swollen knees, usually worse joint pressure or after exercise, weakness, nausea, and a loss of appetite can include RA’s symptoms.
Understanding Testing Options
Because disease symptoms may be similar, a patient may be tested for lupus or RA. Testing for both typically occurs if a patient complains of articular pain, as it can among others be seen in both conditions, said Khattri.
Tedeschi said that the anti-nuclear antibody (ANA) test is most often used as an initial test if the doctor suspects some kind of autoimmune condition.
Khattri clarified that “lab testing alone is not adequate to diagnose lupus. In a diagnosis, medical characteristics are significant.
For 97 percent or more patients with lupus, the ANA check will be positive. Khattri added that a positive ANA test alone is not adequate to diagnose the disease.
Tedeschi explained that the significance of a positive test result depends on the clinical scenario.
“A positive ANA test may be a false positive in a patient without lupus symptoms or with a few non-specific symptoms such as fatigue.” “Certain autoimmune diseases, or an autoimmune family history, may induce a positive ANA as well. The positive test rate is also significant.
‘ When interpreting these results, like the degree of the test result, the medical situation matters a lot. A patient may have low positive ANA or a positive rheumatoid factor but may not have lupus or rheumatoid arthritis symptoms or signs clinically, “she said.
Understanding Lupus and RA Tests
More antibody testing can give you a better view on how to pinpoint the lupus, such as the anti-Smand anti-dsDNA tests.
The RF and (anti-CCP) peptides may be used to test the RA. RA shifts may also be shown by X-rays over time and used to draw damage correlations, said Khattri.
Similar to the RF test, Tedeschi said, the anti-CCP test is more common to RA. “Older adults without rheumatoid arthritis can see a positive rheumatoid factor and can also be positive in patients with other conditions,” she said.
Several medicines for psoriasis, Crohn’s disease, and psoriatic arthritis are investigated, as is the use of already available medications. Khattri said that a bioelectronic system is also being tested that can reduce pain and inflammation. RA recovery drugs can be used to stop further body damage. The Food & Drug Administration has recently approved the drug Rinvoq of AbbVie. A new study has also found that an increased risk of RA is associated with antibiotic use.