By: Researcher Taymur
You sit in traffic and watch the minutes tick away, late for a major meeting. Your hypothalamus, a small brain control tower, decides to send out the order: send stress hormones! These stress hormones are the same as the “fight or flight” reaction of your body. Your heart will race, your breath will quickly, and your muscles will work. The purpose of this response was to protect your body in an emergency by preparing you for a quick response. However, if the stress response persists day by day, it may seriously jeopardize your safety.
Stress is a naturally occurring physical as well as mental reaction. From time to time, everybody expresses stress. Anything from daily routines such as work and family to serious life-related occurrences such as a new diagnosis, war, or death can trigger stress. Stress can benefit your health in immediate, short-term situations. It can help you cope with situations that might be serious. Your body responds to stress through the release of hormones that improve your heart and your breath and help your muscles respond.
However, if your stress reaction does not stop firing and these stress levels are much longer than required for survival, your health may be detrimental. Chronic stress can cause a range of symptoms and affect your well-being overall. Chronic stress symptoms include: Irritability, anxiety, insomnia, headaches and depression
The “fight or flight” response of your central nervous system (CNS) is responsible. Hypothalamus bounces the ball in your brain, asking your adrenal medications to release adrenaline and cortisol stress hormones. These hormones revolve your heartbeat and send your blood to emergency areas like your muscles, hearts and other important organs.
The hypothalamus should say that every system goes back to normal once the perceived fear has gone. If the CNS is not back to normal, or if the stressor is not gone, then the response goes on.
Chronic stress also contributes to behaviors such as excessive or insufficient consumption, alcohol or social abuse.
Stress hormones affect the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. You respire faster in order to spread the oxygen-rich blood efficiently to your body during the stress response. Stress can make breathing even harder if you’ve ever had a respiratory problem like asthma or emphysema.
Your heart pumps faster under stress, too. Stress hormones are restricting your blood vessels and diverting more oxygen to your muscles so you will have more power to act. Your blood pressure is also increased.
In this way, your heart works too hard for too long due to frequent or chronic stress. You also run the risk of a stroke or a heart attack when your blood pressure increases.
Your fluid causes additional blood sugar (glucose) to increase your strength under pressure. You may not be able to keep up with this extra glucose if you are under chronic stress. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes may increase with chronic stress.
Your digest system can also be disturbed by hormone rush, rapid respiration, and increased heart rate. The increased acidity of the stomach is more likely to lead to heartburn or acid reflux. Stress causes no ulcers but can also increase your risk and cause existing ulcers to occur (sometimes called H. pylori).
Stress can also affect the body’s movement of food to induce diarrhea and constipation. Nausea, nausea, and stomach problems may also occur.
Your muscles are tense to guard against injury when you’re stressed. You appear to release when you relax again, but you may not have the chance to relax when you are under pressure constantly. Tight muscles cause headaches, pain in the back and shoulder and aches in the body. This can trigger an unhealthy cycle over time when you stop practicing and turn to relief pain medication.
Stress stimulates the immune system that can benefit immediately. Such relaxation will help you avoid infections and heal injuries. Yet, over time, stress hormones will reduce the response of your body to foreign invaders and decrease your immune system. Chronically stressed individuals are more vulnerable to viral diseases such as grip and cold, as well as to other infections. Stress can also take longer to recover from a disease or injury.
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