What is the Difference Between Hypothyroidism vs. Hyperthyroidism?

By: Researcher Taymur

Have you been diagnosed with hypothyroidism recently? If so, you’re probably aware of the underactive thyroid gland of your body. And likely you’re all too familiar with some of the associated symptoms such as exhaustion, constipation, and forgetfulness. These are frustrating symptoms. But they can be manageable with the right treatment plan.

Understanding Hypothyroidism

What does hypothyroidism mean? In short, you can’t make enough hormones for your thyroid gland to function properly. The thyroid gland controls all aspects of the metabolism of your body. Of hypothyroidism, the development of hormones in the gland is decreasing. In turn, this slows down your metabolism, which can result in weight gain. Hypothyroidism is widespread, affecting approximately 4.6% of the U.S. population.

Because there is no cure for hypothyroidism, according to the American Thyroid Association. However there are medicines, however, that can treat the disease. So the medication’s goal is to improve the thyroid function of your body, restore levels of hormones, and enable you to live a normal life.

The most common cause of hypothyroidism is thyroiditis of Hashimoto. The body destroys its own immune system with this disease. Over time, this attack causes the thyroid to avoid hormone production as it should contribute to hypothyroidism. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, like many autoimmune diseases, occurs more frequently in women than men.

Understanding Hyperthyroidism

Therefore hyperthyroidism happens, as its name suggests, if the body produces too much thyroid hormones, thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) and becomes overactive. So you can experience rapid heartbeat, increased appetite, anxiety, heat sensitivity, or sudden weight loss if you have hyperthyroidism.

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Hyperthyroidism occurs most frequently in three ways:

  • thyroiditis
  • thyroid nodule
  • Graves’ disease

Therefore in hyperthyroidism, your thyroid irritation known as thyroiditis allows your blood to enter too much thyroid hormone. Because this can lead to discomfort and pain. However as a consequence of pregnancy, thyroiditis may also occur. Usually this is short-term.

Because in both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, thyroid nodules are normal. So these nodules are benign, more often than not. However these nodules can lead to an increase in the size of your thyroid or produce too much T4 thyroid hormone in hyperthyroidism. Because physicians are not always aware of why this is happening.

The condition of Graves is causing the body to strike itself. This attack allows too much thyroid hormone to be produced by the thyroid gland. The underlying cause of hyperthyroidism is often this autoimmune disease. The condition of Graves induces too much thyroid hormone to render the thyroid.

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Therefore hyperthyroidism treatment options are medications, radioactive iodine, and surgery. Because hyperthyroidism can cause bone loss or an irregular heartbeat if left untreated. So both the thyroiditis of Hashimoto and the disease of Graves may occur in families.

Understanding Differences Between Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism

Hypothyroidism is responsible for symptoms such as slow metabolism, fatigue, and weight gain. With an underactive thyroid, your body functions may decrease or slow down.

because you can find yourself with more energy with hyperthyroidism, as compared to less. So in comparison to weight gain, you can experience weight loss. Therefore as opposed to being sad, you can feel anxious.

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Therefore hormone levels are the most important difference between the two diseases. Because of hypothyroidism contributes to hormone loss. So hyperthyroidism leads to higher production of hormones.

However hypothyroidism is more common in the United States than hyperthyroidism. So getting an overactive thyroid and then an underactive thyroid, and vice versa, is not unusual, however. Because an important part of your treatment plan is to find a skilled doctor who specializes in thyroid, typically an endocrinologist.

Resources

ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19494161

thyroid.org/hypothyroidism/

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