By: Researcher Taymur
Lupus erythematosus systemic (SLE) is generally referred to as lupus. The immune system begins to attack various areas of your body. It’s a condition.
The most serious complications of lupus are lupus nephritis. It happens when SLE specifically attacks the portions of the kidney your blood filters into waste products, caused by your immune system.
The kidneys play an essential role in the working of your body. You’ll take your blood waste away. You may have to get hemodialysis periodically if you suffer damage to your kidneys. The procedure is performed by a filtering device that cleanses your blood. Lupus nephritis can take people even to a kidney transplant.
Therefore symptoms of lupus nephritis are similar to other kidney disorders. Including:
- because of dark urine
- so gaining weight
- therefore having to urinate often, especially at night
- because puffiness in the feet, ankles, and legs
- however high blood pressure
- because blood in your urine
- so foamy urine
So blood in your urine and highly foamy urine is one of the first symptoms of lupus nephritis. Because high blood pressure and swelling of your feet may also suggest nephritis of lupus. The following tests will help the doctor diagnose:
- 1st is Blood tests
- 2nd is 24-hour urine collection test
- 3rd is by Kidney biopsy
- 4th is Ultrasound
However your doctor will check your kidney damage upon diagnosis.
Therefore a method for classifying the 5 different stages of lupus nephritis was developed in 1964 by the World Health Organization (WHO). However the International Society of Nephrology and the Society of Renal Pathology established new standards of classification in 2003. Because in the new classification the original class I was removed without evidence of illness and sixth class was added:
- 1st Class: Minimal mesangial lupus nephritis
- 2nd Class: Mesangial proliferative lupus nephritis
- 3rd Class: Focal lupus nephritis (proliferative and sclerosing)
- 4th Class: Diffuse lupus nephritis (proliferative and sclerosing)
- 5th Class: Membranous lupus nephritis
- 6th Class: Advanced sclerosis lupus nephritis
Lupus nephritis is not healed. The objective of treatment is to prevent the problem from worsening. Kidney damage can be stopped early, so kidney transplantation cannot be needed.
Treatment can also alleviate symptoms of lupus.
- So minimizing your intake of protein and salt
- Because taking medicine to reduce your immune systems
- So using steroids such as prednisone (Radios)
- because children or pregnant women will be treated with special consideration.
Therefore kidney failure is the most serious complication of lupus nephritis. so individuals with renal failure either need dialysis or a renal transplant.
However dialysis is normally the first option, but it will not function forever. Because most patients with dialysis eventually require a transplant. Nevertheless, the procurement of a donor organ may take months or years.
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