By: Researcher Taymur
The genetic disease is cystic fibrosis (CF). Breathing problems, respiratory infections and lung damage can occur.
CF is the product of an inherited defective gene that prevents or alters the movement within and outside cells of the body of sodium chloride or salt. The lack of movement causes the lungs to produce a hot, dense and sticky mucus.
Thicker still digestive juices. This can affect the absorption of nutrients. A baby with CF could also have growth issues without proper nutrition.
It is important to achieve an early diagnosis and CF treatment. When the disease is caught early, CF therapies are more successful.
Newborns in the USA were screened for CF on a routine basis. A simple blood test will be used to make an initial diagnosis by your child’s doctor. A blood sample will be obtained and tested for elevated concentrations of a chemical called immunoreactive trypsinogen (IRT). If the results of the test indicate a higher level of IRT than usual, the doctor first wishes to rule out other difficult factors. For example, several months after birth certain premature babies have higher IRT rates.
A secondary examination can help to confirm a diagnosis. This experiment is referred to as a sweat test. During a sweating test, the doctor of your baby will give you a medicine that will show the arm sweat of your child. A test of the sweat is then taken by the doctor. This can be a symptom of CF if the sweet is saltier than it should be.
If these tests are inconclusive but still trigger the presumption of a CF diagnosis, your doctor may want a genetic test for your son. A sample of DNA from a blood sample can be taken and sent for testing to determine the presence of the mutated gene.
By understanding the body, millions of people are bearing the faulty CF gene. When the gene mutation of two individuals is transferred to your baby, the child is likely to have CF in one in four chances.
In boys and girls, CF seems to be equally common. There are actually more than 30 000 immigrants living in the United States. CF is present in all races, but in Caucasians, it is most associated with a northern origin in Europe.
The signs are different for cystic fibrosis. A child’s symptoms may be affected by the severity of the disease. There may be signs in some children until they are older or when they are younger.
- frequent or chronic lung infections
- coughing or wheezing
- inability to exercise
- a persistent cough with a thick mucus (sputum)
- greasy stools
- chronic and severe constipation
- frequent straining during bowel movements
- Failure-to-thrive symptoms:
- slow growth
When a child is diagnosed with CF, constant attention is needed. The good news is that after learning from your child’s doctors and health care workers, you can provide much of this care at home. You will also have to attend the CF clinic or hospital on occasions. For time to time, the child may have to be hospitalized.
Over time, your child’s mix of medication could alter. You will probably work closely with your child’s treatment team to track the responses to these drugs. CF treatment encompasses four classes.
In the treatment of diseases, antibiotics may be used. Some medicines may help break the mucus in the lungs and digestive system of your baby. Others may decrease inflammation and prevent damage to the lung.
- Physical therapy
- Pulmonary therapy
CF risks life. But a baby or child who is diagnosed with the disease has increased life expectancy. The average child diagnosed with CF was able to expect to stay in their adolescence several decades ago. Nevertheless, most CF people live very well in their thirties, forty years and even fifties.
The quest for medication and other therapies for CF is continuing. Study. When new developments are made, your child’s perspective can continue to improve.
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